Avellino joins Saul Alpern (Madoff’s father-in-law) in his accounting business


Bernard L. Madoff (BM) starts Bernard L Madofff Investment Securities (BLMIS) witn $5,000


Madoff begins managing investments channeled through Alpern & Avellino


SEC launches investigation of BM’s mother, Sylvia R. Madoff (Gibraltar Securities) and others (August 1963)


Bienes joins Avellino to form the accounting firm Avellino & Bienes (A&B)

1970 – 1990

Madoff’s trading business skyrockets

A&B gradually shift their focus from accounting to raising money for Madoff

1970 Peter Madoff joins Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities (BLMIS)

1977 Madoff allegedly begins a new options strategy – broad-based portfolio of S&P securities and hedged with derivatives (Source: Wall Street Journal, 1992)


1983 -1984 Ira SORKIN serves as SEC Regional Director

Madoff elected to NASD Advisory Counsel


Walter Noel and Jeff Tucker of Fairfield Greenwich start Fairfieild Sentry Limited and invest all $4 million with Madoff

Madoff elected to NASD Board of Govenors (January 1984)


1990-1993 BM serves as Chairman of NASDAQ

Merkin gives Madoff “a significant portion of the assets” of two of his hedge funds – Ariel and Gabriel. Merkin creates Ascot Partners IP and Ascot Fund Limited – managed exclusively by Madoff. (November 1990)


SEC launches investigation into A&B fearing a Ponzi Scheme – based on a tip. A&B pays a fine. Madoff claims ignorance, returns the lion’s share of the money to A&B to distribute to their clients, but shortchanges them $18 million.

A&B hires Sorkin (on BM’s recommendation) to present them in the proceedings with the SEC and bankrupcy Trustee Sancra Manzke, founder of Tremont and MAXAM meets Madoff and
Madoff, whose investment advisory business is not registered with the SEC, insists she not publicly name him in her prospectus. Also tells her that he makes money via commissions vs traditional fees. Federal judge orders Price Waterhouse to audit the financiial statements of A&B who refuse. Neither the court or the SEC pursues this refusal.

Lee Richards is court-appointed Trustee in the A&B bankruptcy proceedings.

Peter Madoff elected Vice Chairman of NASD

Wall Street Journal Article: Martin Kupferberg, SEC Sr. Associate Regional Administrator in New York refuses to disclose the name of the broker dealer in the Avellino and Bienes case, but says, “Right now, there’s nothing to indicate fraud.” This comment was never retracted. (December 1, 1992)

WSJ identifies firm investigated in A&B fraud case as BLMIS and again says there’s been no evidence of fraud. (December 16, 1992)


Harry Markopolis submits an 8-page memorandum outlining his concerns to the SEC’s Boston office. The memorandum outlines the fraud and gives clear red flags to the SEC (May 2000)


Barron’s Article: “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”

Michael Ocrant writes “Madoff Tops Charts, Skeptics Ask How” (May 2001)

Fairfield Greenwich partner Jeff Tucker meets with Madoff to verify Madoff’s holdings – now worth about $3 billion. Meets with Madoff and Di Pascali who shoed Tucker trades, named a 3rd party who had cleared them but did not ask for verification, nor did he visit the firm’s 17th Floor offices (May 2001)

Markopolis resubmits his initial 8-page document (October 2001)


Markopolis meets (at Markopolis’ request) with Mike Garrity, SEC Boston Branch Chief (October 25, 2005)

Markopolis emails Meaghan Cheung, SEC NY Branch Chief, identifies himself as the whistleblower and attaches a revised 21-page report detailing fraud (November 4, 2005)


Madoff is interviewd by the SEC but admits (in confession to FBI) that he lied to investigators (January 2006)

Meaghan Cheung AGAIN dismisses Markopolis (5 minute phone call) (March 3, 2006)

SEC and WSJ ignore please from Chicago Board Options Exchange to investigate (September 29, 2006)

More money flows into Madoff with the collapse of Lehman Bros (November 2006)

SEC finds “no evidence of fraud,” though concluded that FG needed to revise its disclosures. Recommends files to the destroyed. (November 2006)


Shana Madoff, BM’s daughter, marries former SEC attorney Eric Swanson

Markopolis again emails Meaghan Cheung (NY Branch Chief) and Ed Manion, Boston office (June 29, 2007)


Madoff pushes FG to raise more money. FG starts a massive fundraising campaign for a new fund. Tucker sends letter to Madoff appologizing for redemptions. (January 1, 2008)

Madoff tells sons he’s facing $7 billion in redemptions. Tells Ruth to wire transfer money from a brokerage acct to her personal banking account. (September 1, 2008)

Lee Richards appointed as the receiver for BLMIS (December 2008)

Madoff allegedly confesses to sons (December 10, 2008)

Madoff turns himself in. Government files criminal fraud charges against Bernard Madoff (December 11, 2008)

Thierry de la Villehuchet commits suicide (December 23, 2008)


Madoff tries to mail packages with jewelry and watches worth millions to family and friends. (January 5, 2009)

Madoff pleads guilty (March 10, 2009)

Sylvia Madoff concedes violation – but there is no penalty if she agrees to stay out of the securities business (June 2009)

BM pleads guilty to US Government criminal fraud complaint (June 15, 2009)

Skills You Require To Succeed In Accounting

It is the most difficult task to succeed in accounting, being the most tedious task possible. Some skills can lead you into not just job satisfaction, but also would open the gates to great career options. Accounting is a job of intelligence and responsibility. You get better with time, with your personal accounts but it is a ‘must has to be perfect’ situation when you start looking to the accounts for a client.

I am listing down few skills you might require to succeed in Accounting:


Being accountant is an obligated job and he cannot escape the work. With all the work lined up, things might get messed up to manage with time. Time management plays the most important role in organizing the stuff. If you would not keep your schedule organized, you would not be able to meet the deadlines.


Keep track of the pending work-

When the work piles up it gets difficult to complete. When you are an accountant, you can only make enough time for current work. You must therefore keep track of the pending work so that you can keep it in a schedule and take out some extra time for that.


The ability to adapt to the highly dynamic industry of accounting is the greatest skill. The accountants who easily adapt to the environment starts getting an edge over the others. The capability to understand the demands of different client and a pressure to serve the best service is the skill, not every accountant has but must have.


Organizational communication

Communication is the prior quality an accountant must have. If he is unable to communicate with the client about the tasks, he would not be able to succeed in the field. Good communications help you understand the task and make you efficient to work on it. It helps you work with the team and would increase the networks and connects in your field.


Honesty and probity are the most demanding qualities of an accountant. You must be honest in your profession especially with yourself. You must accept your failure and mistakes because you are handling someone’s finances and dealing with it. It is even more delicate than what it sounds. You must be clear about the resources and problem you might face while covering for the project.


Being a good leader does not cover just one aspect of your personality but all of them. Your experience and communications make you better with mentorship and guidance. When you know about things, delivering it to the people who want to accept it and are willingly listen and follow you takes a lot of struggle and hard work, but most importantly the leadership quality.

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